Hamilton believed that industry was the way to go in order to make america have more power. In order to make manufacturing big and get rid of agriculture he proposed the Whiskey tax that upset southern farmers that made whiskey. He believed that merchants, manufacturers, financiers, lawyers, clergymen, and university men should be in control of the country. He basically wanted a commercial society that relied on industrial products and not so much on agriculture.
Opposite of Hamilton, Jefferson believed that agricultural was the best economic support for the county over industrialization. At this time, 90% of all Americans made a living off of agriculture rather than industry. He thought that commercialization, centralization, and industrialization would lead to many problems for the country in the future. In his mind, Jefferson could see that industry would lead to growth of cities which would cause complications in society that would lead to bigger government and more regulation which would take the rights away from the people. Jefferson also believed that morals would go away causing the spread of crime, pollution, prostitution, sanitation, and other problems.Even during his presidency, Jefferson tried to promote agricultural commerce over industry.